The EPI article, The State of American Wages 2017 by Elise Gould, has a full summary of growing wage inequality. A few of their key findings:
From 2000 to 2017, wage growth was strongest for the highest-wage workers, continuing the trend in rising wage inequality over the last four decades.
While wage inequality has generally been on the rise for both men and women, wage inequality is higher and growing more among men than among women.
At every decile and at the 95th percentile, wage growth since 2000 was faster for white and Hispanic workers than for black workers.
This is an in depth article with over 30 bullet points of key findings. There are numerous graphs, such as the on posted here, with data sets. The cumulative graph here is broken into female and male graphs farther down in the article. What you will find is that, for example, the increase in the median wages is almost entirely due to increases in the median female wage (7.9% since 2000). There is a lot to learn in this post and plenty of material for courses.